These are some mathematics investigations I have pursued over the years. They may be of some interest to teachers, students, or hobbyists. I try to convey a conceptual understanding, usually without rigorous proof. Some of the lessons are accompanied by questions and suggestions for extensions.

Sintético

Importado

Sintético único

Dar lugar para consolar y movilidad con el ligero Reebok & reg; Corredores de velocidad ascendente.

Corte bajo diseño para añadido movilidad.

Diseñado para el movimiento natural.

Textil y parte superior sintética.

Reebok & reg; verificación cruzada en el lado. Revestimiento textil Memory Tech & trade; plantilla. la espuma proporciona increíblemente liviano y amortiguación de larga duración.Nonmarking la suela es perfecta para entrenamientos cruzados en interiores. Importadas. Mediciones: Peso: 8 oz Mediciones del producto fueron tomadas usando tamaño 8, ancho B - Medio. tenga en cuenta que las mediciones puede variar por tamaño

Some of the lessons are accompanied by questions and suggestions for extensions.

In my pursuit of a teaching career, I was told to justify the study of each concept by establishing its relevance to the students’ lives. Sorry, but I still have trouble buying into that one. Fortunately, poetry and music are rarely put to that same test. As I glance at the list below, I must concede that it would be difficult to convert any of the lessons into food, shelter, or money. These are things that interested me, and now I understand them better. If there is a reward, it is the fact that every time I do this I get better at figuring things out.

I occasionally get email from people seeking permission to use my work. Feel free to cite, quote, edit, reproduce, or distribute anything on this site. Do not worry about putting my name on it, but please do not put your own name on it.

Many of these presentations use the Geometer’s Sketchpad, but only one of them actually requires it. If you do not have the software, let me suggest that you follow this link to Key Curriculum Press and look into it.

Paul Kunkel

March 16, 2016

Updated the animations on Hanging With Galileo.

October 23, 2015

Updated the animations on Reuleaux Triangle.

October 9, 2015

Updated the animations on the Vernier Scale page of the Geometry of Surveying.

October 8, 2015

Zapatillas de running Reebok para de mujer Negro Rosa/ Rosa 19784 ardiente/ Blanco 1e74b69Updated the animations on Linkages.

October 4, 2015

Updated the animations on On the Square.

September 25, 2015

Updated the animations on Tangent Circles.

September 23, 2015

Updated the lead page of Conic Sections and Construction.

The page it replaced had java animations that were not being treated well by modern browsers. New images were generated with the developmental Web Sketchpad, which is producing very satisfying results. This appears to be the future, so expect more of my pages to be similarly updated soon.

February 26, 2015

Added Book VII to the Conics of Apollonius.

This is the final surviving book of the treatise.

October 22, 2014

Added Book VI to the Conics of Apollonius.

June 10, 2014

Added Book V to the Conics of Apollonius.

Includes GSP-3 files

Includes GSP-4 files

Includes GSP-5 files
Contents:

We are given two fixed points in a vertical plane. A particle starts from rest at one of the points and travels to the other under its own weight. Find the path that the particle must follow in order to reach its destination in the briefest time.

This is a famous problem in the calculus of variations. Nothing new is presented here, but the explanation is more thorough than most.

Buffon’s Needle

An old probability exercise is aided by an interactive Sketchpad file. By manipulating the sketch, an intuitive understanding may be gained, even if the student has had no introduction to calculus.

Zapatillas de running Reebok para de mujer Negro Rosa/ Rosa 19784 ardiente/ Blanco 1e74b69

Chinese Handcuffs This has no lesson, only questions. It is just an interesting animated file, which invites student investigation. It has applications for geometry,

Zapatillas de deporte clásicas para uso general Summer Utility WL696 para mujer de New Balance Playa Arena / Libélula Pantalón largo clásico NIKE Golf para mujer Tech Essentials Negro / Racer Rosa / Antracita / Cool Gray Zapato deportivo para acolchado 680v5 New Balance para mujer Silver Mink Under Armour Women s Dash 2 Apollo Gray (101) / Blanco , Zapatillas de running NIKE Mens Lunarglide 8 Racer azul / negro Zapatillas de running ASICS Gel-Kayano 23 para mujer Púrpura / Plata / Menta Zapatillas de running NIKE Air Zoom Vomero 12 para hombre Negro / Blanco / Antracita Zapatillas deportivas NIKE Womens Flex Contact Wolf Gris / Blanco-Pura Platino-Cool Grey Negro / Blanco / Antracita , Zapatillas de running adidas Alphabounce Beyond para mujer Gris / gris / naranja claro , NIKE Free RN - 831509601 Fuego rosa / azul resplandor / luz violeta / rosa explosión Zapatillas de running NIKE Air Max Torch 4 para mujer Negro / Plata Metálico / Rosa Flash , Zapatillas de running ISO para mujeres de la guía Saucony Blanco azul , adidas Performance Ultraboost X para mujer Trace Scarlet / Crayon White / Trace Orange , Zapatillas de running Mizuno Wave para mujer con sombra Griffin / Blanco / Eléctrico , Zapatillas de running adidas Ultraboost W para mujer Táctil Azul / Táctil Azul / Negro Zapato de running Saucony Zealot ISO 3 para mujer Gris azul , Zapatillas de running ISO para mujeres de la guía Saucony Gris / menta , NIKE Men s Benassi Just Do It Athletic Sandal Oro negro / metálico Saucony Women s Cohesion 8 Running Shoe Plata / Blanco / Azul Zapatillas de running NIKE RN 2017 para mujer gratis Wolf Gray / Off White-pure Platinum-black Calzado de running NIKE Dualtone Racer para mujer Blanco / puro platino Skechers Performance Women s Go Run 400 Obstruct Negro / púrpura Zapatillas de entrenamiento Nike Womens Metcon 3 Negro / Blanco-volt-cloro Azul , Zapatillas de running NIKE Women s Air Max 1 Ultra Essentials Cumbre Blanco / Universidad Rojo / Blanco , Brooks Women s Dyad 9 Ombre Blue / Festival Fuchsia / Mood Indigo PUMA Men s Roma Basic Sneaker Cuero blanco / negro , Zapatillas de running NIKE Roshe One Print para tobillo y tela para mujer Negro / Brgd azul-antracita-cool gris , Zapatillas de running NIKE para mujer Lunarepic Low Flyknit 2 Azul Mediano / Negro-aluminio-electro Verde Zapatillas de running de malla cruzada Nova Vam Cruz V1 para mujer New Balance Reflexión / Blanco ,

trigonometry, and probability. Fair warning: The discussion revolves about
a figure that appears only when the sketch is animated. Without Geometer’s
Sketchpad, this one will make little sense at all.
Conic Sections and Construction

My emphasis is on geometric properties of the conic sections, particulary understanding that has been handed down to us in ancient texts. There also are some challenging constructions.

The Geometry of Surveying

This used to be my job, and I enjoyed studying all of the geometrical concepts that were part of the science of land surveying. In this article I discuss the instruments of the profession, their operating principles, their error, and their calibration.

Hanging with Galileo

An investigation into the catenary, the curve formed by a chain suspended at both ends. It also extends into the curve of the main cables on a suspension bridge, which, interestingly, is not a catenary.

Inversion Geometry Sandalia deportiva Nolita para mujer Anne Klein Tela de peltre Sandalia de susurro de mujer Keen Shiitake / Malaquita Sandalias KEEN Mujer Whisper-w Sterling Blue / Vestido Azul Sandalias de cuña Hailey 33 de Josef Seibel para mujer Camello , Skechers Women s Go Trail 2 - Zapatillas de senderismo con agarre Chocolate Zapatillas de running adidas Women s Edge Lux W Negrita Rosa / Haze Coral / Negro Inov-8 X-Claw 275 Trail Runner Negro / azul / rojo , Chaco Mujer Zcloud Sport Sandal Noche Emplumada , Alpargata Chambray Clara denim de mujer TOMS Chambray / Cuero texturizado negro , Zapatillas de running adidas Adizero Boston 6 W para mujer Noble Indigo / Blanco / Acero sin Procesar Sandalia Uneek o2-w de mujer KEEN Tinta Azul / Blanco Nina Womens Contesa Suedette Reflectante Bloom , Drew Womens Element Nubuck negro Zapatos de entrenamiento Nike Free TR 6 para mujer Brillante Mango / Negro / Lila blanqueada , Zapato para caminar New Balance Women s Womens 928v3 Walking Shoes Gris , Vans Herren Authentic Core Classic Sneakers (Mix Checker) Negro / Blanco verdadero Zapatillas Supra Titanium Skate Mojave / goma de mascar Zapatillas de deporte PUMA Block Basket Trace Block para mujer Sterling Blue / Vanilla Ice , Vans Unisex Old Skool Zapatillas clásicas de skate Negro / peltre Sam Edelman Women s Slide Sandal de mujer Azul / Multi , Sandalia Dansko para mujer Sophie Gamuza negra , Bomba de vestido Daisie de mujer Steve Madden Lila Bomba Saldana LifeStride para mujer Negro 001 Sandalia Birkenstock de cuero Florida para mujer Cuero aceitado negro , Steve Madden Womens Kraze Negro , Zapatillas de deporte Janet Calvin Klein para mujer Cuero negro Sana Donna Daily Slip-On Loafer Negro Bota de lluvia Tinsley para mujer Sam Edelman Espacio azul / negro Mocasines casuales Alpargata Deconstructed de TOMS para mujer Drizzle Gray Washed Twill Easy Spirit Women s Traveltime Mule Azul marino / ante blanco

If you have never studied inversion geometry, you can start here. The elementary concepts are explained. This page is a quick reference for the other lessons that employ inversion geometry.

Linkages

Draw a line segment. Did you use a straightedge? How do you know it was straight?

Java simulations are used to investigate a nineteenth century mechanics problem.

On the Square

The challenge: Given four arbitrary, unique points, *A*, *B*,
*C*, and *D*, construct one line through each point such that the four lines form a square.

Orthocenter What is so significant about the orthocenter of a triangle? Why does it even have a name? This investigation was prepared for a geometry teachers’ workshop. It includes a lesson handout in Word format. This lesson was written for use in a computer lab with the Geometer’s Sketchpad, but with a little editing it should work just as well with Cabri or Cinderella.

The Planimeter

A planimeter is a drafting instrument used to measure area. Its mechanism is quite simple, but understanding why it works is more elusive.

Platonic Solids

Find the inradius, circumradius, dihedral angle, surface area, and volume of all of the Platonic solids. There is also some information about some of their other interesting properties.

Reuleaux Triangle

It is not a circle, but it has constant width. Study the properties of this figure with interactive animated sketches.

Rungs and Vineyards

How is that for a descriptive title? Here are investigations of two interesting visual effects seen from a moving automobile. It includes two interactive perspective drawings, and a discussion of the cylindrical and planar projections used to create them.

The Sliding Triangle

An interesting accidental discovery – Investigate ellipses by tracing triangle transformations.

Table Patterns

Explore geometric patterns formed in a table of modular multiplication. This one requires some elementary knowledge of congruence classes and modular arithmetic.

Tangent Circles

Three circles are given. How many circles can be constructed tangent to all three? How are they constructed? This lesson includes ten animations covering all of the special cases. Some of them are very complex. A little knowledge of circle inversions would help.

Volume of a Torus Do you already know the volume of a torus? Then humor me. I just figured Zapatillas de running Reebok para de mujer Negro Rosa/ Rosa 19784 ardiente/ Blanco 1e74b69 it out, and I got a chance to try out this new graphics software.

Resources

The Geometer’s Sketchpad Workshop

It is plain to see that I am very fond of Sketchpad. This page was created after the release of version 4. The idea is to have a place to exchange ideas with other users, especially those who are using the advanced features. Here are some custom tools and some information on Java Sketchpad.

Sketchpad Gallery These are some of my best sketches. You may find them useful or interesting by themselves.

Geometry Construction Reference

Thirteen elementary straightedge
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and compass constructions are described and illustrated. The original version,
in Word format, can be downloaded and distributed.

Last update: March 16, 2016 ... Paul Kunkel

For email to reach me, the word