Whistler Alley Mathematics

These are some mathematics investigations I have pursued over the years. They may be of some interest to teachers, students, or hobbyists. I try to convey a conceptual understanding, usually without rigorous proof. Some of the lessons are accompanied by questions and suggestions for extensions.

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Sintético
Goma suela
SUPERIOR: Flyknit que se ajusta a su pie SUELA: Suela de unidad inyectada reduce general peso IMPORTADO
Some of the lessons are accompanied by questions and suggestions for extensions.

In my pursuit of a teaching career, I was told to justify the study of each concept by establishing its relevance to the students’ lives. Sorry, but I still have trouble buying into that one. Fortunately, poetry and music are rarely put to that same test. As I glance at the list below, I must concede that it would be difficult to convert any of the lessons into food, shelter, or money. These are things that interested me, and now I understand them better. If there is a reward, it is the fact that every time I do this I get better at figuring things out.

I occasionally get email from people seeking permission to use my work. Feel free to cite, quote, edit, reproduce, or distribute anything on this site. Do not worry about putting my name on it, but please do not put your own name on it.

Many of these presentations use the Geometer’s Sketchpad, but only one of them actually requires it. If you do not have the software, let me suggest that you follow this link to Key Curriculum Press and look into it.

Paul Kunkel


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Recent Changes

March 16, 2016

Updated the animations on Hanging With Galileo.

October 23, 2015

Updated the animations on Reuleaux Triangle.

October 9, 2015

Updated the animations on the Vernier Scale page of the Geometry of Surveying.

October 8, 2015

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Updated the animations on Linkages.

October 4, 2015

Updated the animations on On the Square.

September 25, 2015

Updated the animations on Tangent Circles.

September 23, 2015

Updated the lead page of Conic Sections and Construction.
The page it replaced had java animations that were not being treated well by modern browsers. New images were generated with the developmental Web Sketchpad, which is producing very satisfying results. This appears to be the future, so expect more of my pages to be similarly updated soon.

February 26, 2015

Added Book VII to the Conics of Apollonius.
This is the final surviving book of the treatise.

October 22, 2014

Added Book VI to the Conics of Apollonius.

June 10, 2014

Added Book V to the Conics of Apollonius.


 Includes GSP-3 files

 Includes GSP-4 files

 Includes GSP-5 files Contents:

The Brachistochrone

We are given two fixed points in a vertical plane. A particle starts from rest at one of the points and travels to the other under its own weight. Find the path that the particle must follow in order to reach its destination in the briefest time.

This is a famous problem in the calculus of variations. Nothing new is presented here, but the explanation is more thorough than most.


Buffon’s Needle

An old probability exercise is aided by an interactive Sketchpad file. By manipulating the sketch, an intuitive understanding may be gained, even if the student has had no introduction to calculus.


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Chinese Handcuffs This has no lesson, only questions. It is just an interesting animated file, which invites student investigation. It has applications for geometry,

NIKE Men s Benassi Just Do It Athletic Sandal Blackened Blue / Total Crimson , Zapatillas de running ASICS Gel-Cumulus 19 para mujer Aruba azul / azul de Aruba / azulejo turco , Zapatillas deportivas para hombre NIKE Lunar Apparent Negro rojo antracita blanco , Zapato de running ASICS GEL-Cumulus 20 para mujer Azure / Blue Print Zapatillas de running NIKE Air Max Flair para hombre Negro / Neo Turq , Zapatillas de running para correr Cloudventure para mujer en marcha Llama / Sombra Zapatillas de running NIKE Air Max 90 SE para mujer Crimson Bliss / White-coral Stardust Newton Running El destino de los hombres Azul / azul cielo , Zapatillas de running Mizuno Wave para mujer Inspire 10 Blanco Zapatillas de running ASICS Gel-Contend 4 para mujer Negro / Negro / Carbono , Zapatillas de running Kineta Relay para mujer Saucony Coral / Mint Zapato deportivo ASICS Gel-Cumulus 18 para mujer Silver / Pink Glow / Lapis , Zapatillas deportivas NIKE Womens Flex Contact Wolf Gris / Blanco-Pura Platino-Cool Grey Cool Gray Solar Red Anthracite , Zapatillas de running Hurricane ISO 2 Refl de Saucony para mujer Gris blanco , Zapatillas NIKE para mujer Air Zoom Terra Kiger 4 Stealth / Black / Dark Grey / Volt 7.5 Mujeres EE. UU. - , Calzado deportivo New Balance Vazee Urge v1 para mujer Blanco negro , Zapatillas para caminar Reebok Women s Cloudride LS DMX Manic Cherry / Fire Spark / White , Zapatillas de correr de espuma fresca New Balance 1080v8 para mujer Blanco negro , Zapatillas de running ASICS GEL-Foundation 12 para mujer Plata / Pistacho / Pink Glow , Zapatillas de running adidas Ultraboost W para mujer Blanco / Blanco / Blanco , Zapatillas de running NIKE Air Zoom Vomero 12 para hombre Gris , Zapatillas de running Alphabounce W para mujer adidas Performance Negro / blanco / negro de utilidad , Zapatillas para correr Saucony Progrid Echelon 3 para mujer Negro / Gris / Púrpura Zapatillas de running NIKE Zooms Winflo 4 para mujer Antracita / Gris Oscuro-negro adidas outdoor para mujer Terrex Swift R2 GTX Negro / Negro / Negro Zapatillas de running adidas Women s Edge Rc W Gris Dos / Plata Metálica / Energy Aqua , Calzado de running NIKE RN 2017 2017 para mujer Carbono ligero / Carbono ligero , Zapatillas de running Saucony Women s Freedom ISO Gris / Denim , Zapatillas de running Kineta Relay para mujer Saucony Heather / Blue ,
trigonometry, and probability. Fair warning: The discussion revolves about a figure that appears only when the sketch is animated. Without Geometer’s Sketchpad, this one will make little sense at all.


Conic Sections and Construction

My emphasis is on geometric properties of the conic sections, particulary understanding that has been handed down to us in ancient texts. There also are some challenging constructions.


The Geometry of Surveying

This used to be my job, and I enjoyed studying all of the geometrical concepts that were part of the science of land surveying. In this article I discuss the instruments of the profession, their operating principles, their error, and their calibration.


Hanging with Galileo

An investigation into the catenary, the curve formed by a chain suspended at both ends. It also extends into the curve of the main cables on a suspension bridge, which, interestingly, is not a catenary.


Inversion Geometry Brooks Womens Cascadia 13 Tinta / azul marino / rosa , Zapatillas de running adidas Adistar Boost ESM para mujer Flash rosa / metal cero / gris claro , adidas Climacool 1 Womens Sneakers Core Black / Haze Coral Newton Running El destino de los hombres Amarillo naranja Sandalia NIKE Kawa Slide para mujer Negro / Vivid Pink NIKE Kids gratis Rn (grande) Cool Grey / Volt-wolf Grey-electro Green Zapato Chiapo de mujer ECCO Shadow White / Fuchsia , Zapatillas de running adidas Adizero Prime Parley Carbono, Blue Spirit S, Ftwr Blanco , Sandalia Teva Encanta para mujer Gris pardo , Sandalias tejidas con tanga Sunvue de Merrell para mujer Alto Zapatillas de deporte para correr adidas Originals NMD_R1 para mujer Negro, azul, blanco ZX / 2 Classic Helado de durazno Calzado de entrenamiento casual Comfort WX623v3 New Balance para mujer Negro , Zapatillas para caminar Lite-Agile Go Step de Skechers Performance para mujer Gris / rosa Diadora N9000 Men Toe Snthetic Blue Sneakers Castillo de roca Zapatos de golf Skechers Go Walk 2 Backswing para mujer Gris / carbón Vans Auténtico Azul Imperial Sandalia Venice de Alegria para mujer Impresionista Sandalia Ryana Marilyn Slide para mujer Blanco negro Sandalia de raso tejida Joanne de Kenneth Cole New York para mujer Terra , Zapatos muy finos EK6829 de la danza de salón de mujeres de las señoras con 2.5 \ Cuero plateado Calzado de ballet Freeform FF01 Femenino de Capezio Rosa claro , Mocasines casuales Alpargata Deconstructed de TOMS para mujer Hojas de encaje natural , Penny Loves Kenny Zapatillas Mujer Fifi, Desnudo Monster Fur, 9.5 Ancho EE. UU. - Michael Kors Womens Destin Cuero tejido de rattan / yute Bota Kikka para mujer Dromedaris Sillín Sandalias de vestir Patti de Sam Edelman para mujer Oro Remato Liquid Metallic , Hi-Tec Womens Grey Lace Up bota de senderismo impermeable Gris Botas Ellie Shoes para mujer 421-Zenith Lima Frye Womens Nora Stud Zip Short Negro

If you have never studied inversion geometry, you can start here. The elementary concepts are explained. This page is a quick reference for the other lessons that employ inversion geometry.


Linkages

Draw a line segment. Did you use a straightedge? How do you know it was straight?

Java simulations are used to investigate a nineteenth century mechanics problem.


On the Square

The challenge: Given four arbitrary, unique points, A, B, C, and D, construct one line through each point such that the four lines form a square.


Orthocenter What is so significant about the orthocenter of a triangle? Why does it even have a name? This investigation was prepared for a geometry teachers’ workshop. It includes a lesson handout in Word format. This lesson was written for use in a computer lab with the Geometer’s Sketchpad, but with a little editing it should work just as well with Cabri or Cinderella.
The Planimeter

A planimeter is a drafting instrument used to measure area. Its mechanism is quite simple, but understanding why it works is more elusive.


Platonic Solids

Find the inradius, circumradius, dihedral angle, surface area, and volume of all of the Platonic solids. There is also some information about some of their other interesting properties.


Reuleaux Triangle

It is not a circle, but it has constant width. Study the properties of this figure with interactive animated sketches.


Rungs and Vineyards

How is that for a descriptive title? Here are investigations of two interesting visual effects seen from a moving automobile. It includes two interactive perspective drawings, and a discussion of the cylindrical and planar projections used to create them.


The Sliding Triangle

An interesting accidental discovery – Investigate ellipses by tracing triangle transformations.


Table Patterns

Explore geometric patterns formed in a table of modular multiplication. This one requires some elementary knowledge of congruence classes and modular arithmetic.

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Tangent Circles

Three circles are given. How many circles can be constructed tangent to all three? How are they constructed? This lesson includes ten animations covering all of the special cases. Some of them are very complex. A little knowledge of circle inversions would help.


Volume of a Torus Do you already know the volume of a torus? Then humor me. I just figured Zapatillas de running NIKE running Air Ultra Max 1 Ultra de Flyknit para mujer Multicolor 0da3101 it out, and I got a chance to try out this new graphics software.


Resources


The Geometer’s Sketchpad Workshop

It is plain to see that I am very fond of Sketchpad. This page was created after the release of version 4. The idea is to have a place to exchange ideas with other users, especially those who are using the advanced features. Here are some custom tools and some information on Java Sketchpad.

Carretera en funcionamiento
Sketchpad Gallery These are some of my best sketches. You may find them useful or interesting by themselves.

Geometry Construction Reference

Thirteen elementary straightedge 300378
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and compass constructions are described and illustrated. The original version, in Word format, can be downloaded and distributed.

Back to Whistler Alley


Last update: March 16, 2016 ... Paul Kunkel whistling@whistleralley.com
For email to reach me, the word geometry must appear in the body of the message.