These are some mathematics investigations I have pursued over the years. They may be of some interest to teachers, students, or hobbyists. I try to convey a conceptual understanding, usually without rigorous proof. Some of the lessons are accompanied by questions and suggestions for extensions.

Pivote de doble etapa Sistema. el nuevo sistema está patentado y exclusivo para Gaerne y sin duda es va a ser un golpe. El primer pivote está unido a el Razorback. Esto proporciona una componente rígido que ofrece un fuerte soporte lateral whil

Some of the lessons are accompanied by questions and suggestions for extensions.

In my pursuit of a teaching career, I was told to justify the study of each concept by establishing its relevance to the students’ lives. Sorry, but I still have trouble buying into that one. Fortunately, poetry and music are rarely put to that same test. As I glance at the list below, I must concede that it would be difficult to convert any of the lessons into food, shelter, or money. These are things that interested me, and now I understand them better. If there is a reward, it is the fact that every time I do this I get better at figuring things out.

I occasionally get email from people seeking permission to use my work. Feel free to cite, quote, edit, reproduce, or distribute anything on this site. Do not worry about putting my name on it, but please do not put your own name on it.

Many of these presentations use the Geometer’s Sketchpad, but only one of them actually requires it. If you do not have the software, let me suggest that you follow this link to Key Curriculum Press and look into it.

Paul Kunkel

March 16, 2016

Updated the animations on Hanging With Galileo.

October 23, 2015

Updated the animations on Reuleaux Triangle.

October 9, 2015

Updated the animations on the Vernier Scale page of the Geometry of Surveying.

October 8, 2015

Gaerne Rojo, 2174-052-13 B0711SW4DX SG-12 Botas (Blanco/ Azul/ Rojo, 19996 13) Blanco/ azul/ rojo a008d31Updated the animations on Linkages.

October 4, 2015

Updated the animations on On the Square.

September 25, 2015

Updated the animations on Tangent Circles.

September 23, 2015

Updated the lead page of Conic Sections and Construction.

The page it replaced had java animations that were not being treated well by modern browsers. New images were generated with the developmental Web Sketchpad, which is producing very satisfying results. This appears to be the future, so expect more of my pages to be similarly updated soon.

February 26, 2015

Added Book VII to the Conics of Apollonius.

This is the final surviving book of the treatise.

October 22, 2014

Added Book VI to the Conics of Apollonius.

June 10, 2014

Added Book V to the Conics of Apollonius.

Includes GSP-3 files

Includes GSP-4 files

Includes GSP-5 files
Contents:

We are given two fixed points in a vertical plane. A particle starts from rest at one of the points and travels to the other under its own weight. Find the path that the particle must follow in order to reach its destination in the briefest time.

This is a famous problem in the calculus of variations. Nothing new is presented here, but the explanation is more thorough than most.

Buffon’s Needle

An old probability exercise is aided by an interactive Sketchpad file. By manipulating the sketch, an intuitive understanding may be gained, even if the student has had no introduction to calculus.

Gaerne Rojo, 2174-052-13 B0711SW4DX SG-12 Botas (Blanco/ Azul/ Rojo, 19996 13) Blanco/ azul/ rojo a008d31

Chinese Handcuffs This has no lesson, only questions. It is just an interesting animated file, which invites student investigation. It has applications for geometry,

Sorel - Bota de mujer Tivoli Iii Premium Non Shell Negro / Tetera , Botas Tumbling para mujer de Dr. Scholl s Shoes Estuco de microfibra Bota de trabajo Ludwell para mujer Harley-Davidson Negro Rieker Womens L. Zipper Boots Cigar Braun Calou Stockholm Women s Hanna Negro , Aquatalia de Marvin K. Botín de ante Freddi para mujer Ceniza rag & bone para mujer Dalia II Boot Ante negro Summit by White Mountain Mujeres Jordie Cuero negro , Botines Landsman de mujer Cole Haan Botines ocasionales cortos de cuero causantes Negro , Bota de camping Inkkas Black Barracuda 5.11 Tactical A.T.A.C. Negro Bota para mujer TOMS Serra Marron oscuro , Botín para mujer Pleaser Asp1018 / Bpu / M Faux blanco, blanco Botín de tobillo de Dallas para mujeres de Naturalizer Grano de café Bota Saela de mujer UGG Sello UGG Mujer W Joni Niebla de Lavanda , Zapato de trabajo Rockport Work Mask Rk6465 para hombre Negro Botas MIA Vail para mujer Black Boquet , Bota de media caña Georgia GB00156 Marron oscuro Botas de trabajo Chrome Storm 415 - Hombre Ámbar Bota de mujer Dromedaris Kara mandarín , Bota Cobb Hill para mujer Penfield Cuero de almendra , Botas Gaerne SG-12 Blanco verde Bota de mujer Toms Alpa Chocolate Cafe , CORRAL A3587 Bota con incrustaciones de glitter en piel rosa blanca con cristales , FRYE Womens Billy Short Marrón oscuro lavado antiguo tire hacia arriba , Bota posterior Aerosoles para mujer marrón Zapatillas NIKE Roshe Two Hi Flyknit para mujer 861708 Sneakers Boots Negro Negro Gris oscuro 001 , Wolky Comfort Rio 20000 cuero negro ,

trigonometry, and probability. Fair warning: The discussion revolves about
a figure that appears only when the sketch is animated. Without Geometer’s
Sketchpad, this one will make little sense at all.
Conic Sections and Construction

My emphasis is on geometric properties of the conic sections, particulary understanding that has been handed down to us in ancient texts. There also are some challenging constructions.

The Geometry of Surveying

This used to be my job, and I enjoyed studying all of the geometrical concepts that were part of the science of land surveying. In this article I discuss the instruments of the profession, their operating principles, their error, and their calibration.

Hanging with Galileo

An investigation into the catenary, the curve formed by a chain suspended at both ends. It also extends into the curve of the main cables on a suspension bridge, which, interestingly, is not a catenary.

Inversion Geometry Zapatillas de running Spira Phoenix para mujer con resortes Carbón / Negro / Tsai Rojo , Encuentro Under Armour Women s Street Negro (002) / Azul Oxford Sandalia KEEN Clearwater CNX para mujer Anémona / acacia , Zapatillas de running Saucony Women s Triumph ISO 4 Niebla / gris , Zapatillas de running adidas Adizero Boston Boost 5 Tsf W para mujer Prisma azul / plata / púrpura Sandalia deportiva Tirra para mujer Teva Teal / Dark Shadow Sandalia Savannah de Ryka para mujer Beet Red / Hyper Pink Zapatillas de running New Trail Hierro V3 Fresh Foam Trail para mujer Gris Zapato de running ASICS GT-2000 4 para mujer Rosa Brillo / Calmante Mar / Azul Índigo , Zapatillas ultraligeras La Sportiva Helios 2.0 para mujer Fiordo , Brooks Womens Adrenaline GTS 18 Blanco / Blanco / Gris , Calzado deportivo de running New Balance Foam Cruz V1 de New Balance para mujer Dragon Fruit / Sea Salt Mizuno Women s Wave Prophecy 5-w Diva Blue / Electric Green Ros Hommerson Chelsea Mary Jane Slip On Shoes para mujer Plata Zapato de entrenamiento WX1267 para mujer New Balance Negro / rosa , Zapatos de aproximación Arc teryx Acrux SL - Mujer Abyssal Blue / Gentiane , Under Armour Charged All-Around Neutral Rhino Gray (076) / Acero , Skechers Women s Go Walk Revolution Ultra Sneaker Negro / rosa caliente , Zapato de skate casual Heathrow DC para hombre Negro / Acorazado / Lima Zapatillas de deporte Vans Unisex Sk8-Hi Reissue (50Th) Duke / Classic White , JORDAN 12 Zapatillas niños RETRO BP 151186-400 Gris oscuro / gris oscuro / gris lobo , Jordan Mujer WMNS AIR 12 Retro, Vachetta TAN / Oro metálico Vachetta Tan / Metallic Gold , Nfinity Adult Evolution Cheer Shoes Blanco , Zapato de tacón flexible EZ Flex 2 \ Broncearse Sandalia de vestir Carrson de mujer Steve Madden Ante negro , Zapatilla Sanna Donna Hemp Chill para mujer Negro , Calzado de confort Drew Shoe Quest Comfort en Casual Oxfords Cuero negro / estiramiento negro , Botas de estado de mujer de David Tate Cuero de grano de guijarros negros , TOMS - Slip-On de lienzo clásico para hombre Ceniza Trotters Liz Loafer para mujer Negro

If you have never studied inversion geometry, you can start here. The elementary concepts are explained. This page is a quick reference for the other lessons that employ inversion geometry.

Linkages

Draw a line segment. Did you use a straightedge? How do you know it was straight?

Java simulations are used to investigate a nineteenth century mechanics problem.

On the Square

The challenge: Given four arbitrary, unique points, *A*, *B*,
*C*, and *D*, construct one line through each point such that the four lines form a square.

Orthocenter What is so significant about the orthocenter of a triangle? Why does it even have a name? This investigation was prepared for a geometry teachers’ workshop. It includes a lesson handout in Word format. This lesson was written for use in a computer lab with the Geometer’s Sketchpad, but with a little editing it should work just as well with Cabri or Cinderella.

The Planimeter

A planimeter is a drafting instrument used to measure area. Its mechanism is quite simple, but understanding why it works is more elusive.

Platonic Solids

Find the inradius, circumradius, dihedral angle, surface area, and volume of all of the Platonic solids. There is also some information about some of their other interesting properties.

Reuleaux Triangle

It is not a circle, but it has constant width. Study the properties of this figure with interactive animated sketches.

Rungs and Vineyards

How is that for a descriptive title? Here are investigations of two interesting visual effects seen from a moving automobile. It includes two interactive perspective drawings, and a discussion of the cylindrical and planar projections used to create them.

The Sliding Triangle

An interesting accidental discovery – Investigate ellipses by tracing triangle transformations.

Table Patterns

Explore geometric patterns formed in a table of modular multiplication. This one requires some elementary knowledge of congruence classes and modular arithmetic.

Tangent Circles

Three circles are given. How many circles can be constructed tangent to all three? How are they constructed? This lesson includes ten animations covering all of the special cases. Some of them are very complex. A little knowledge of circle inversions would help.

Volume of a Torus Do you already know the volume of a torus? Then humor me. I just figured Gaerne Rojo, 2174-052-13 B0711SW4DX SG-12 Botas (Blanco/ Azul/ Rojo, 19996 13) Blanco/ azul/ rojo a008d31 it out, and I got a chance to try out this new graphics software.

Resources

The Geometer’s Sketchpad Workshop

It is plain to see that I am very fond of Sketchpad. This page was created after the release of version 4. The idea is to have a place to exchange ideas with other users, especially those who are using the advanced features. Here are some custom tools and some information on Java Sketchpad.

Sketchpad Gallery These are some of my best sketches. You may find them useful or interesting by themselves.

Geometry Construction Reference

Thirteen elementary straightedge
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and compass constructions are described and illustrated. The original version,
in Word format, can be downloaded and distributed.

Last update: March 16, 2016 ... Paul Kunkel

For email to reach me, the word