These are some mathematics investigations I have pursued over the years. They may be of some interest to teachers, students, or hobbyists. I try to convey a conceptual understanding, usually without rigorous proof. Some of the lessons are accompanied by questions and suggestions for extensions.

Cuero

Importado

Sintético suela

Medidas de talón aproximadamente 1.5

Perforado parte superior de cuero

Bow con perno metálico detalles

Combinación cueros

Some of the lessons are accompanied by questions and suggestions for extensions.

In my pursuit of a teaching career, I was told to justify the study of each concept by establishing its relevance to the students’ lives. Sorry, but I still have trouble buying into that one. Fortunately, poetry and music are rarely put to that same test. As I glance at the list below, I must concede that it would be difficult to convert any of the lessons into food, shelter, or money. These are things that interested me, and now I understand them better. If there is a reward, it is the fact that every time I do this I get better at figuring things out.

I occasionally get email from people seeking permission to use my work. Feel free to cite, quote, edit, reproduce, or distribute anything on this site. Do not worry about putting my name on it, but please do not put your own name on it.

Many of these presentations use the Geometer’s Sketchpad, but only one of them actually requires it. If you do not have the software, let me suggest that you follow this link to Key Curriculum Press and look into it.

Paul Kunkel

March 16, 2016

Updated the animations on Hanging With Galileo.

October 23, 2015

Updated the animations on Reuleaux Triangle.

October 9, 2015

Updated the animations on the Vernier Scale page of the Geometry of Surveying.

October 8, 2015

Bomba para de cuña Dovehouse 19805 para mujer J.Renee Taupe// Gold 3070cb6Updated the animations on Linkages.

October 4, 2015

Updated the animations on On the Square.

September 25, 2015

Updated the animations on Tangent Circles.

September 23, 2015

Updated the lead page of Conic Sections and Construction.

The page it replaced had java animations that were not being treated well by modern browsers. New images were generated with the developmental Web Sketchpad, which is producing very satisfying results. This appears to be the future, so expect more of my pages to be similarly updated soon.

February 26, 2015

Added Book VII to the Conics of Apollonius.

This is the final surviving book of the treatise.

October 22, 2014

Added Book VI to the Conics of Apollonius.

June 10, 2014

Added Book V to the Conics of Apollonius.

Includes GSP-3 files

Includes GSP-4 files

Includes GSP-5 files
Contents:

We are given two fixed points in a vertical plane. A particle starts from rest at one of the points and travels to the other under its own weight. Find the path that the particle must follow in order to reach its destination in the briefest time.

This is a famous problem in the calculus of variations. Nothing new is presented here, but the explanation is more thorough than most.

Buffon’s Needle

An old probability exercise is aided by an interactive Sketchpad file. By manipulating the sketch, an intuitive understanding may be gained, even if the student has had no introduction to calculus.

Bomba para de cuña Dovehouse 19805 para mujer J.Renee Taupe// Gold 3070cb6

Chinese Handcuffs This has no lesson, only questions. It is just an interesting animated file, which invites student investigation. It has applications for geometry,

Skechers Women s Define Sneaker Rosado SAS Womens Sunny Mora , Skechers Zapatillas con cordones de espuma viscoelástica D Lites para mujer Gris blanco , Zapatillas para caminar Go Step Lite-Solace de Skechers Performance para mujer Carbón Drew Shoes - Cremallera de cuero con bota de profundidad extra diabética terapéutica para mujer Athens Negro , Naturalizer Womens Nadine Cuero negro Zapatillas para caminar WW669V1 New Balance para mujer Gris Prop & eacute; t Zapatillas para mujer TravelFit Hi Walking Negro Metálico Hush Puppies Walker clásico de las mujeres Negro Alpargata de tela \ rojo , Zapatillas para caminar Brooks Women s Addiction Walker Blanco Zapatillas para caminar Go Step Lite-Solace de Skechers Performance para mujer Gris pardo , Zapatillas Reebok de mujer F / S Hi Metallic Sneaker Silver Met / Acero / Blanco Easy Spirit Mujer Ezcool Mule Blanco Skechers zapatillas de mujer You-Shine Blanco , SAS Womens Sunny Mandarina Naranja Saco de lona Drew Shoe Savannah Therapeutic Therapeutic Diabetic Extra para hombre Gris / Franela , New Balance WW577 Hook and Loop Walking para mujer Hueso Easy Spirit Mujer Ezcool Mule Blanco Zapatos de tierra Camino Cuero negro premium Zapato para caminar Skechers Women s You Carbón PUMA Flujo de ballet de Vega para mujeres caminando plana Quiet Shade-sparklin Cobb Hill Rockport Mujeres Petra Mary Jane Flat Armada Prop & eacute; t Zapatillas para caminar TravelFit para mujer naranja Sneachers Sport Premium-Premix Slip-On Sneaker para mujer Premium - Premix White , Skechers zapatillas de mujer You-Shine Rosado , Prop & eacute; t Olivia Oxford para mujeres Bronco Brown , Zapatillas para caminar Skechers Women s Go 4-Brisk gris Zapatillas para caminar adidas Outdoor Terrex Voyager DLX W para mujer Negro / Negro / Gris Cinco ,

trigonometry, and probability. Fair warning: The discussion revolves about
a figure that appears only when the sketch is animated. Without Geometer’s
Sketchpad, this one will make little sense at all.
Conic Sections and Construction

My emphasis is on geometric properties of the conic sections, particulary understanding that has been handed down to us in ancient texts. There also are some challenging constructions.

The Geometry of Surveying

This used to be my job, and I enjoyed studying all of the geometrical concepts that were part of the science of land surveying. In this article I discuss the instruments of the profession, their operating principles, their error, and their calibration.

Hanging with Galileo

An investigation into the catenary, the curve formed by a chain suspended at both ends. It also extends into the curve of the main cables on a suspension bridge, which, interestingly, is not a catenary.

Inversion Geometry Zapatillas para correr Nike Women s Free Rn Flyknit 2017 Blanco / Negro-sigilo , Zapatillas de running ASICS Gel-Scram 4 para mujer Peacoat / Soft Sky OluKai Kulapa Kai Dragon Fruit / Black , Correpasillos Merrell para mujer 3 Trail Runner Baja Azul Calzado deportivo de running New Balance Foam Cruz V1 de New Balance para mujer Negro / Fantasma Sandalia Dominica de Ryka Azul marino / menta Crocs Flip Crocband unisex Blazing Orange-white , Crocs Flip Crocband unisex Blanco Bomba de vestido Nika BeautiFeel para mujer Ante negro , J.Renee Womens Soncino Marrón / negro Skechers Sport Women s Breathe Easy Lovestory Mary Jane Flat Carbón , Salvatore Ferragamo Mujer Varina Nerón Easy Street 30-8320 Sandalia airosa para mujer Estiramiento rojo Easy Spirit Women s Traveltime Mule Azul marino / ante blanco , Easy Spirit - Zapatillas Faisal2 para mujer Natural Zapatillas para caminar WW1400v1 New Balance para mujer Marron oscuro , Zapato para caminar Sky Bolt para mujer Ryka Azul amarillo , New Balance FuelCore Nergize V1 Fuel Core Cross Trainer para mujeres Gris Zapatillas de entrenamiento cruzado PUMA para mujer Fierce Core Puma Poción de amor negro , Zapatillas Adidas W Tech Response Ftwwht / Ft Golf Shoe, para mujer Blanco / azul de energía , Así que Danca CH50 Character Shoe con 1.5 Heel Blanco , BEARPAW Women s Bethany Blanco Mocasines casuales Alpargata Deconstructed de TOMS para mujer Infinity Blue Abstract Leaf , Zapatilla Ansley para mujer de UGG Negro Zapatilla Haflinger Charisma para mujer Natural , Lucchese Classics Robyn-Tan estampado Sde Shorty con flecos en el tobillo Botines Negro , Drew Shoe Women s Hope cuero terapéutico moda Oxfords Ante negro Funtasma de Pleaser Men s Jazz-02 Platform Oxford Negro , Tommy Hilfiger Women s Raenay Oxford Armada CLARKS Funny Funny Dream Oxford para mujer Cuero negro ,

If you have never studied inversion geometry, you can start here. The elementary concepts are explained. This page is a quick reference for the other lessons that employ inversion geometry.

Linkages

Draw a line segment. Did you use a straightedge? How do you know it was straight?

Java simulations are used to investigate a nineteenth century mechanics problem.

On the Square

The challenge: Given four arbitrary, unique points, *A*, *B*,
*C*, and *D*, construct one line through each point such that the four lines form a square.

Orthocenter What is so significant about the orthocenter of a triangle? Why does it even have a name? This investigation was prepared for a geometry teachers’ workshop. It includes a lesson handout in Word format. This lesson was written for use in a computer lab with the Geometer’s Sketchpad, but with a little editing it should work just as well with Cabri or Cinderella.

The Planimeter

A planimeter is a drafting instrument used to measure area. Its mechanism is quite simple, but understanding why it works is more elusive.

Platonic Solids

Find the inradius, circumradius, dihedral angle, surface area, and volume of all of the Platonic solids. There is also some information about some of their other interesting properties.

Reuleaux Triangle

It is not a circle, but it has constant width. Study the properties of this figure with interactive animated sketches.

Rungs and Vineyards

How is that for a descriptive title? Here are investigations of two interesting visual effects seen from a moving automobile. It includes two interactive perspective drawings, and a discussion of the cylindrical and planar projections used to create them.

The Sliding Triangle

An interesting accidental discovery – Investigate ellipses by tracing triangle transformations.

Table Patterns

Explore geometric patterns formed in a table of modular multiplication. This one requires some elementary knowledge of congruence classes and modular arithmetic.

Tangent Circles

Three circles are given. How many circles can be constructed tangent to all three? How are they constructed? This lesson includes ten animations covering all of the special cases. Some of them are very complex. A little knowledge of circle inversions would help.

Volume of a Torus Do you already know the volume of a torus? Then humor me. I just figured Bomba para de cuña Dovehouse 19805 para mujer J.Renee Taupe// Gold 3070cb6 it out, and I got a chance to try out this new graphics software.

Resources

The Geometer’s Sketchpad Workshop

It is plain to see that I am very fond of Sketchpad. This page was created after the release of version 4. The idea is to have a place to exchange ideas with other users, especially those who are using the advanced features. Here are some custom tools and some information on Java Sketchpad.

Sketchpad Gallery These are some of my best sketches. You may find them useful or interesting by themselves.

Geometry Construction Reference

Thirteen elementary straightedge
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5750354

7681622

12069135

14467050

15397081

17061926

17564647

and compass constructions are described and illustrated. The original version,
in Word format, can be downloaded and distributed.

Last update: March 16, 2016 ... Paul Kunkel

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