These are some mathematics investigations I have pursued over the years. They may be of some interest to teachers, students, or hobbyists. I try to convey a conceptual understanding, usually without rigorous proof. Some of the lessons are accompanied by questions and suggestions for extensions.

Suela de tela

Transpirable y aire duradero malla superior permitir el pie para respirar.

Solyte entresuela proporciona un excepcional entresuela ligera con excelente rebote y durabilidad.

agua La suela de agarre proporciona tracción excepcional en mojado y resbaladizo condiciones.

ComforDry plantilla proporciona la amortiguación óptima rendimiento que crea un refrigerador, más seco y saludable entorno del calzado.

Abierto malla en la parte superior y hoyo en el suela proporciona transpirabilidad superior y secado rápido.

Some of the lessons are accompanied by questions and suggestions for extensions.

In my pursuit of a teaching career, I was told to justify the study of each concept by establishing its relevance to the students’ lives. Sorry, but I still have trouble buying into that one. Fortunately, poetry and music are rarely put to that same test. As I glance at the list below, I must concede that it would be difficult to convert any of the lessons into food, shelter, or money. These are things that interested me, and now I understand them better. If there is a reward, it is the fact that every time I do this I get better at figuring things out.

I occasionally get email from people seeking permission to use my work. Feel free to cite, quote, edit, reproduce, or distribute anything on this site. Do not worry about putting my name on it, but please do not put your own name on it.

Many of these presentations use the Geometer’s Sketchpad, but only one of them actually requires it. If you do not have the software, let me suggest that you follow this link to Key Curriculum Press and look into it.

Paul Kunkel

March 16, 2016

Updated the animations on Hanging With Galileo.

October 23, 2015

Updated the animations on Reuleaux Triangle.

October 9, 2015

Updated the animations on the Vernier Scale page of the Geometry of Surveying.

October 8, 2015

Zapatos caminar 19944 de agua para mujer Dreamcity Zapatos agua deportivos atléticos para caminar Lightgrey 1786 e9e33aeUpdated the animations on Linkages.

October 4, 2015

Updated the animations on On the Square.

September 25, 2015

Updated the animations on Tangent Circles.

September 23, 2015

Updated the lead page of Conic Sections and Construction.

The page it replaced had java animations that were not being treated well by modern browsers. New images were generated with the developmental Web Sketchpad, which is producing very satisfying results. This appears to be the future, so expect more of my pages to be similarly updated soon.

February 26, 2015

Added Book VII to the Conics of Apollonius.

This is the final surviving book of the treatise.

October 22, 2014

Added Book VI to the Conics of Apollonius.

June 10, 2014

Added Book V to the Conics of Apollonius.

Includes GSP-3 files

Includes GSP-4 files

Includes GSP-5 files
Contents:

We are given two fixed points in a vertical plane. A particle starts from rest at one of the points and travels to the other under its own weight. Find the path that the particle must follow in order to reach its destination in the briefest time.

This is a famous problem in the calculus of variations. Nothing new is presented here, but the explanation is more thorough than most.

Buffon’s Needle

An old probability exercise is aided by an interactive Sketchpad file. By manipulating the sketch, an intuitive understanding may be gained, even if the student has had no introduction to calculus.

Zapatos caminar 19944 de agua para mujer Dreamcity Zapatos agua deportivos atléticos para caminar Lightgrey 1786 e9e33ae

Chinese Handcuffs This has no lesson, only questions. It is just an interesting animated file, which invites student investigation. It has applications for geometry,

Zapatillas de agua Vibram V-Aqua gris / azul para mujer Gris azul , Zapatos OLUKAI Pehuea - Mujer Trench Blue Honu / Trench Blue Zapato de agua NRS Crush - para mujeres Azul celeste Zapato de entrenamiento cruzado deportivo Hydro Sport para mujer RYKA Detox Blue / Twinkle Blue / Chrome Silver Zapatillas de agua adidas Slip-On liso para mujer, adidas outdoor, para mujer Shock Blue / Coral Navy / Chalk White CrossKix 2.0 Athletic Water Shoes - Hombres y mujeres Chaqueta amarilla , Zapatos OLUKAI Pehuea - Mujer Pale Gray / Carboncillo Sandalias EVA Gizeh de mujer Birkenstock Scuba Yellow EQUICK Water Shoes Aqua Sports Sneakers Slip on Quick Dry para Hombres Mujeres Niños Pesca 1y.black Zapatos OLUKAI Pehuea - Mujer Dusty Olive / Palm Sandalias EVA Gizeh de mujer Birkenstock Negro Sandalias EVA Gizeh de mujer Birkenstock Scuba Yellow , Zapatos OLUKAI Pehuea - Mujer Pokeberry / Pokeberry Zapatos OLUKAI Pehuea - Mujer Dusty Olive / Palm Zapato de agua NRS para mujer Vibe Niebla Zapatillas de senderismo acuáticas para hombre Astral TR1 Junction Sequoia Green , Zapatos OLUKAI Pehuea - Mujer Clay Honu / Clay Zapato acuático de fitness Speedo Hydroforce Xt para mujer Cuero gris , Sockwa G-HI Minimal Beach Sneaker Gris Sandalias EVA Gizeh de mujer Birkenstock Caqui Zapatos OLUKAI Pehuea - Mujer Dark Java Honu / Dark Java , Zapato de agua Tetrex Rapid Crest para mujer Merrell Rosa purpura , Zapatos de agua para mujer Dreamcity Zapatos deportivos atléticos para caminar Darkgray 789 , Zapatillas de senderismo acuáticas para mujer Astral TR1 Junction Basalto negro Zapato de agua de la Isla Komomo para mujer de Tommy Bahama Océano profundo Zapatos de agua para mujer Dreamcity Zapatos deportivos atléticos para caminar Pinkorange 789 Zapatos OLUKAI Pehuea - Mujer Magenta / Magenta , OluKai Miki Li - Mujeres Pale Gray / Carboncillo NRS Desperado Wetshoe Azul negro

trigonometry, and probability. Fair warning: The discussion revolves about
a figure that appears only when the sketch is animated. Without Geometer’s
Sketchpad, this one will make little sense at all.
Conic Sections and Construction

My emphasis is on geometric properties of the conic sections, particulary understanding that has been handed down to us in ancient texts. There also are some challenging constructions.

The Geometry of Surveying

This used to be my job, and I enjoyed studying all of the geometrical concepts that were part of the science of land surveying. In this article I discuss the instruments of the profession, their operating principles, their error, and their calibration.

Hanging with Galileo

An investigation into the catenary, the curve formed by a chain suspended at both ends. It also extends into the curve of the main cables on a suspension bridge, which, interestingly, is not a catenary.

Inversion Geometry Zapatillas de senderismo adidas AX2 CP para mujer Ch Gris Sólido / Vapor Azul / Gris Cinco , NIKE Mujeres Air Zoom Pegasus 33 Blue Glow / Racer Blue / Bluecap / Blanco Zapatillas de running Kinvara 8 Saucony para mujer Berry / rosa , Zapatillas de running NIKE Juvenate para mujer Hueso Ligero / Hueso Ligero / Negro / Blanco , Zapatillas de deporte Vans reflexivas ISO 1.5 para hombre Negro , Zapatillas náuticas para mujer Saucony Originals Maroon / Tan , Sandalia Savannah de Ryka para mujer Azul Medieval / Azul Suave Skechers Women s Go Trail 2 - Zapatillas de senderismo con agarre Negro New Balance Vazee Summit V2 Running Shoe Trail Runner para mujeres Deep Porcelain Blue / Reflection , Zapatillas de viaje Proather para mujer II Negro , Sandalia de deslizamiento Anica de Cole Haan para mujer Tan británico , Sandalias de tacón bajo Pikolinos para mujer, Mykonos Negro , Mocasín de mujer RIALTO Vette Brown tejido Zapatillas Sneachers Sport Women s Microburst Supersonic Fashion Sneaker Negro / rosa caliente , L & rsquo; Artiste por Spring Step Sandalia plana Lizzie para mujer Negro , Zapatillas de tenis Adidas Performance Barricade Classic Bounce W para mujer Blanco / Oscuro Borgoña / Energy Pink Vans Auténtico (Digi Hula) Blanco clásico / Blanco verdadero Zapatillas de tenis 696v3 New Balance para mujer Pigmento / coral vivo , Converse Chuck Taylor All Star Core Ox Armada Sandalia UGG Royale Slide para mujer Rosa neón 50 tonos de oro Colección de zapatos de baile, Noche de confort Vestido de boda bombas, Zapatos de salón Para América, Tango, Salsa, Swing, Theather Arte por 50 sombras (2.5 \ Tacones) 2800- Gold Scale / Light Gold , Party Party Velvet Vestido de noche bomba Colecciones, Comodidad Zapatos de boda: Salón de baile de mujeres Zapatos de baile, medio Tacón, Tango, Suave, Estándar Terciopelo negro 7001 Haflinger Womens Flair Olivia Wool Felt Zapatillas Rot (Ziegelrot) , Bomba de vestido LifeStride Sevyn para mujer Negro 4 , Minnetonka Leopard Cally Slipper mocasín mujer Negro , Stuart Weitzman Women s Vigor Patente negra , Blundstone Unisex Original 500 Series Stout Brown / Olive , Odema Cuero Oxfords Mujer Perforado con cordones Wingtip Talón bajo Talla Brogue Zapatos de vestir Oxfords Rosado azul Propet Women s TravelActiv Mary Jane Oxford Heather negro / gris , Zapatillas de deporte KR Strikeforce Ladies Starr Performance - Derecha ancha Tamaño 7 ,

If you have never studied inversion geometry, you can start here. The elementary concepts are explained. This page is a quick reference for the other lessons that employ inversion geometry.

Linkages

Draw a line segment. Did you use a straightedge? How do you know it was straight?

Java simulations are used to investigate a nineteenth century mechanics problem.

On the Square

The challenge: Given four arbitrary, unique points, *A*, *B*,
*C*, and *D*, construct one line through each point such that the four lines form a square.

Orthocenter What is so significant about the orthocenter of a triangle? Why does it even have a name? This investigation was prepared for a geometry teachers’ workshop. It includes a lesson handout in Word format. This lesson was written for use in a computer lab with the Geometer’s Sketchpad, but with a little editing it should work just as well with Cabri or Cinderella.

The Planimeter

A planimeter is a drafting instrument used to measure area. Its mechanism is quite simple, but understanding why it works is more elusive.

Platonic Solids

Find the inradius, circumradius, dihedral angle, surface area, and volume of all of the Platonic solids. There is also some information about some of their other interesting properties.

Reuleaux Triangle

It is not a circle, but it has constant width. Study the properties of this figure with interactive animated sketches.

Rungs and Vineyards

How is that for a descriptive title? Here are investigations of two interesting visual effects seen from a moving automobile. It includes two interactive perspective drawings, and a discussion of the cylindrical and planar projections used to create them.

The Sliding Triangle

An interesting accidental discovery – Investigate ellipses by tracing triangle transformations.

Table Patterns

Explore geometric patterns formed in a table of modular multiplication. This one requires some elementary knowledge of congruence classes and modular arithmetic.

Tangent Circles

Three circles are given. How many circles can be constructed tangent to all three? How are they constructed? This lesson includes ten animations covering all of the special cases. Some of them are very complex. A little knowledge of circle inversions would help.

Volume of a Torus Do you already know the volume of a torus? Then humor me. I just figured Zapatos caminar 19944 de agua para mujer Dreamcity Zapatos agua deportivos atléticos para caminar Lightgrey 1786 e9e33ae it out, and I got a chance to try out this new graphics software.

Resources

The Geometer’s Sketchpad Workshop

It is plain to see that I am very fond of Sketchpad. This page was created after the release of version 4. The idea is to have a place to exchange ideas with other users, especially those who are using the advanced features. Here are some custom tools and some information on Java Sketchpad.

Sketchpad Gallery These are some of my best sketches. You may find them useful or interesting by themselves.

Geometry Construction Reference

Thirteen elementary straightedge
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and compass constructions are described and illustrated. The original version,
in Word format, can be downloaded and distributed.

Last update: March 16, 2016 ... Paul Kunkel

For email to reach me, the word